Anderson, Benedict. (2006). Imagined communities : reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London New York: Verso. < >. “Since [1983] it has sold over a quarter of a million copies and is widely considered the most important book on the subject [of nationalism]. In this greatly anticipated revised edition, Anderson updates and elaborates on the core question: what makes people live and die for nations, as well as hate and kill in their name?”

Baigent, Michael. (2009). Racing toward Armageddon : the three great religions and the plot to end the world. New York: HarperOne. < >. “By unveiling truly bizarre alliances, revisiting centuries-old ghostly events still haunting the birthplaces of religion, unraveling complex threads of history to discern the difference between myth and prophecy, and providing a thorough explication of the religious texts underlying all of this madness in the context of the times in which they were written, Baigent presents a very different view of the past, present, and future than that perpetuated by many loose interpretations of scripture. Baigent takes us to the assembly hall of the UN, the boardrooms of major businesses and powerful lobbying groups, the cabinet meetings of world leaders, the ranches of cattle breeders, the churches of the faithful, and the narrow winding streets of modern Jerusalem, revealing to us the many diverse, public, and clandestine figures behind a perilous messianic agenda.”

Booth, Paul. (2010). Digital fandom : new media studies. New York: Peter Lang. < >. “Digital Fandom augments traditional studies of popular media fandom with descriptions of the contemporary fan in a converged media environment. The book shows how changes in the study of fandom can be applied in a larger scale to the study of new media in general, and formulates new conceptions of traditional media theories.”

Burke, Kenneth. (1976). The Philosophy Of Literary Form, Studies In Symbolic Action. Univ of California Pr. < >. “Probes the nature of linguistic or symbolic action as it relates to specific novels, plays, and poems.”

Cialdini, Robert B. (1984). Influence : The New Psychology of Modern Persuasion. New York: Morrow. < >. "Cialdini, a specialist in social psychology at Arizona State U., examines six 'weapons of influence' that operate automatically, and which 'compliance professionals' (con men, salesmen, admen) exploit: reciprocation (if someone has given you a present or don you a favor, you'll probably agree to do or buy something in return, regardless); commitment and consistency (if you've committed yourself publicly, and especially on paper, you're likely to follow through); social proof (if others are doing something, it seems the right thing to do); liking (people we like--because they're attractive-looking, because they're similar to us, or flatter us, or sympathize with us--can get us to do as they ask); scarcity (the scarce--goods, information--is wanted, the suddenly scarce most-wanted)."

Clarke, Nicholas. (2002). Black sun : Aryan cults, Esoteric Nazism, and the politics of identity. New York: New York University Press. < >. “Radical movements are feeding on anxiety about economic globalization, affirmative action, and third-world immigration, flashpoint issues to many traditional groups in multicultural societies. A curious mixture of Aristocratic paganism, anti-Semitic demonology, Eastern philosophies and the occult is influencing populist antigovernment sentiment and helping to exploit the widespread fear that invisible elites are shaping world events. Black Sunexamines the new neofascist ideology, showing how hate groups, militias and conspiracy cults attempt to gain influence.”

Cobb, Michael L. (2006). God Hates Fags, The Rhetorics Of Religious Violence. NYU Press. < >. “Cobb maintains that religious discourses have curiously figured as the most potent and pervasive forms of queer expression and activism throughout the twentieth century. Cobb focuses on how queers have assumed religious rhetoric strategically to respond to the violence done against them, alternating close readings of writings by James Baldwin, Tennessee Williams, Jean Toomer, Dorothy Allison, and Stephen Crane with critical legal and political analyses of Supreme Court Cases and anti-gay legislation. He also pays deep attention to the political strategies, public declarations, websites, interviews, and other media made by key religious right organizations that have mounted the most successful regulations and condemnations of homosexuality.”

Daniels, Jessie. (2009). Cyber racism : white supremacy online and the new attack on civil rights. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. < >. “The book examines how white supremacist organizations have translated their printed publications onto the Internet. Included are examples of open as well as ‘cloaked’ sites which disguise white supremacy sources as legitimate civil rights websites. Interviews with a small sample of teenagers as they surf the web, show how they encounter cloaked sites and attempt to make sense of them, mostly unsuccessfully. The result is a first-rate analysis of cyber racism within the global information age. The author debunks the common assumptions that the Internet is either an inherently democratizing technology or an effective ‘recruiting’ tool for white supremacists.”

Eisner, Will. The plot : the secret story of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. New York: W.W. Norton, 2006. Print. < >. “Hatched as an anti-Semitic plot by the tsar’s secret police to deflect widespread criticism of the Russian government, the forgery, first published in 1905, succeeded beyond the propagandistic ambitions of its originators; the lie became an internationally accepted truth. Presenting a pageant of historical figures including Tsar Nicholas II, Henry Ford, and Adolf Hitler, Eisner exposes the twisted history of the Protocols from nineteenth-century Russia to modern-day Klan members to Islamic fundamentalists. The Plot unravels one of the most devastating hoaxes of the twentieth century.”

Foot, Kirsten., and Steven M. Schneider. (2006). Web campaigning. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. < >. “Foot and Schneider explore the inherent tension between the desire of campaigns to maintain control over messages and resources and the generally decentralizing dynamic of Web-based communication. They analyze specific strategies by which campaigns mitigate this, examining the ways that the production techniques, coproducing Web content, online-offline convergence, and linking to other Web sites mediate the practices of informing, involving, connecting, and mobilizing supporters.”

Gray, John. (2007). Black Mass, Apocalyptic Religion And The Death Of Utopia. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. < >. “Gray explains how utopian ideals have taken on a dangerous significance in the hands of right-wing conservatives and religious zealots. He charts the history of utopianism, from the Reformation through the French Revolution and into the present. And most urgently, he describes how utopian politics have moved from the extremes of the political spectrum into mainstream politics, dominating the administrations of both George W. Bush and Tony Blair, and indeed coming to define the political center. Far from having shaken off discredited ideology, Gray suggests, we are more than ever in its clutches.”

Gunn, Joshua. Modern occult rhetoric : mass media and the drama of secrecy in the twentieth century. Tuscaloosa, Ala: University of Alabama Press, 2005. Print. < >. “A broadly interdisciplinary study of the pervasive secrecy in America cultural, political, and religious discourse. The occult has traditionally been understood as the study of secrets of the practice of mysticism or magic. This book broadens our understanding of the occult by treating it as a rhetorical phenomenon tied to language and symbols and more central to American culture than is commonly assumed.”

Harrigan, P. and Noah Wardrip-Fruin. (2009). Third person : authoring and exploring vast narratives. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. < >. “The contributors—media and television scholars, novelists, comic creators, game designers, and others—investigate such issues as continuity, canonicity, interactivity, fan fiction, technological innovation, and cross-media phenomena.”Jung, C. (1982). Aspects of the feminine. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press. < >. “This collection offers a range of articles and extracts from Jung’s writings on marriage, Eros, the mother, the maiden, and the anima/animus concept. In the absence of any single formal statement by Jung on the psychology of women, this work conveys his views on the feminine and on topics that are intrinsic or related.”

Jung, C. (1970). Civilization in transition. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 1970. < >. “Essays bearing on the contemporary scene and on the relation of the individual to society, including papers written during the 1920s and 1930s focusing on the upheaval in Germany, and two major works of Jung’s last years, The Undiscovered Self and Flying Saucers.”

Kaplan, Jeffrey. (2000). Encyclopedia of white power : a sourcebook on the radical racist right. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press. < >. “The first half of the Encyclopedia is made up of over 100 in-depth entries — many of them essay-length — and includes several entries by former and current movement activists. Entries by scholars and activists are written, as far as possible, in a value-free manner in order to present the movement without distortion. The second half brings together original resources from the movement, each prefaced and placed in context by the editor.”

Keen, Sam. (1986). Faces of the Enemy : Reflections of the Hostile Imagination. San Francisco: Harper & Row. < >. "As a rule, human beings do not kill other human beings. Before we enter into warfare or genocide, we first dehumanize those we mean to 'eliminate.'...'The' enemy is always singular, a limbo-like category, to which we may assign any threat about which we do not wish to think clearly...It is not a person we kill, but an idea."

Knowles, Eric S., and Jay A. Linn. (2004). Resistance And Persuasion. Lawrence Erlbaum. < >. “By examining resistance, and providing strategies for overcoming it, this new book generates insight into new facets of influence and persuasion. With contributions from the leaders in the field, Resistance and Persuasion presents original ideas and research that demonstrate how understanding resistance can improve persuasion, compliance, and social influence.”

Kressel, Neil. (2002). Mass hate : the global rise of genocide and terror. Boulder, Colo: Westview Press. < >. “In his investigation, Kressel focuses on the horrifying butchery in Rwanda, the terrifying tactics of rape and torture of women in Bosnia, the systematic murder of Jews and others during the Holocaust. He examines history, psychology, and political science for explanations of what propels a citizen to raise a machete against innocent neighbors, and, in a moving conclusion, suggests practical ways for humankind to eradicate the causes of mass hate.”

Mason, Matt. (2008). The pirate’s dilemma : how youth culture reinvented capitalism. New York: Free Press. < >. “Mason uncovers the trends that have transformed countercultural scenes into burgeoning global industries and movements, ultimately changing our way of life. It started with punk. Hip-hop, rave, graffiti, and gaming took it to another level, and now modern technology has made the ideas and innovations of youth culture increasingly intimate and increasingly global at the same time. He charts the rise of various youth movements — from pirate radio to remix culture — and tracks their ripple effect throughout larger society.”

Milgram, Stanley. (1974). Obedience to Authority. New York: Harper & Row. < >. "In the 1960s Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram famously carried out a series of experiments that forever changed our perceptions of morality and free will. The subjects--or "teachers"--were instructed to administer electroshocks to a human "learner," with the shocks becoming progressively more powerful and painful. Controversial but now strongly vindicated by the scientific community, these experiments attempted to determine to what extent people will obey orders from authority figures regardless of consequences. "

Neiwert, David. (2009). The eliminationists : how hate talk radicalized the American right. Sausalito, CA LaVergne, TN: PoliPoint Press Distributed by Ingram Publisher Services. < >. “The Eliminationists describes the malignant influence of right-wing hate talk on the American conservative movement. Tracing much of this vitriol to the dank corners of the para-fascist right, award-winning reporter David Neiwert documents persistent ideas and rhetoric that champion the elimination of opposition groups. As a result of this hateful discourse, Neiwert argues, the broader conservative movement has metastasized into something not truly conservative, but decidedly right-wing and potentially dangerous.”

Keefe, Daniel. (1983.) Stolen lightning : the social theory of magic. New York: Vintage Books. < >. “An interdisciplinary investigation of the role of magic in human societies, past and present, asserts that magic remains an important element in contemporary civilizations.”

Ragas, Matthew., and Bolivar J. Bueno. (2002). The power of cult branding : how 9 magnetic brands turned customers into loyal followers (and yours can, too. Roseville, Calif: Prima. < >. “Through meticulous research and scores of interviews Ragas and Bueno have uncovered the remarkable and oft-untold stories behind nine very successful cult brands: Star Trek Harley-Davidson Oprah Winfrey World Wrestling Entertainment (formerly WWF) Apple Volkswagen Beetle Jimmy Buffett Vans Shoes Linux These nine brands follow the Seven Golden Rules and have millions of fans and billions of dollars in revenue to show for it.”

Ridley, Jasper. (2001). The Freemasons : a history of the world’s most powerful secret society. New York: Arcade Pub. < >. “Despite the catalogue of powerful members, the book’s subtitle is misleading. The Masonic movement, as a sympathetic Ridley himself shows, has generally been benign, and tried to steer clear of political controversy, particularly in the two countries Britain and the United States where it has most firmly taken root. Of course, any secret society that boasts influential members is bound to cause suspicion, and Ridley details the waves of anti-Masonic sentiment that arose throughout the centuries, as well as assorted scandals involving fraud and murder allegations.”

Rinehart, J. F. (2006). Apocalyptic faith and political violence: Prophets of terror. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. < >. “This study examines the functional relationship between millenarian-inspired terrorism and the process of political change. Through an exhaustive investigation of late twentieth-century movements–Aum Shinrikyo, Sendero Luminoso, and Hezbollah–it concludes that in each case, apocalyptic expectations performed a significant group mobilization, leadership and therapeutic function.”

Ronson, Jon. (2002). Them, Adventures With Extremists. Simon and Schuster. < >. “Them. This shadowy elite starts the wars, elects heads of state, sets the price of oil and the flow of capital, conducts bizarre secret rituals, and controls the media. This group is incredibly powerful and will destroy any investigator who gets too close to the truth. Does this shadowy elite really exist? Jon Ronson wondered. As a journalist and a Jew, Ronson was often considered one of Them, but he had no idea if their meetings actually took place and, if so, where. Was he the only one not invited? Ronson decided to settle the matter himself, seeking out the supposed secret rulers of the world by way of those who seem to know most about them: the extremists.”

Schiappa, Edward. (2003). Defining reality : definitions and the politics of meaning. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. < >. “Hinging on a synthesis of arguments regarding the significance of definitional practices, the book is bolstered by a series of case studies of debates about rape, euthanasia, abortion, and political and environmental issues. These case studies ground Schiappa’s concepts in reality and delineate the power of public discourse within legal contexts. Ranging widely among disciplines from philosophy and classical philology to constitutional law and cognitive psychology, this study substantially contributes to the scholarship of rhetoric and argumentation, particularly as they function in the realm of public discourse.”

Straus, Scott. (2006). The order of genocide : race, power, and war in Rwanda. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. < >. “Challenging the prevailing wisdom, Straus provides substantial new evidence about local patterns of violence, using original research-including the most comprehensive surveys yet undertaken among convicted perpetrators-to assess competing theories about the causes and dynamics of the genocide. Current interpretations stress three main causes for the genocide: ethnic identity, ideology, and mass-media indoctrination (in particular the influence of hate radio). Straus’s research does not deny the importance of ethnicity, but he finds that it operated more as a background condition. Instead, Straus emphasizes fear and intra-ethnic intimidation as the primary drivers of the violence.”

Waltman, M., & Haas, J. (2011). The communication of hate. New York: Peter Lang. < >. “Beginning with an examination of the organized hate movement, the book provides a critique of racist discourse used to recruit and socialize new members, construct enemies, promote valued identities, and encourage ethnoviolence. The book also examines the strategic manipulation of hatred in our everyday lives by politicians, political operatives, and media personalities.”

Wasik, Bill. (2010). And then there’s this : how stories live and die in viral culture. New York u.a: Penguin. < >. “Journalist and new media provocateur Bill Wasik journeys to the edge of our churning and rambunctious viral culture to illuminate how anyone with a computer can initiate a small ripple of a story that can turn into a tsunami.”

Zimbardo, Philip. (2007). The Lucifer Effect : Understanding How Good People Turn Evil. New York: Random House, Inc. < >. "Zimbardo enables us to better understand a variety of harrowing phenomena, from corporate malfeasance to organized genocide to how once upstanding American soldiers came to abuse and torture Iraqi detainees in Abu Ghraib. He replaces the long-held notion of the “bad apple” with that of the “bad barrel”–the idea that the social setting and the system contaminate the individual, rather than the other way around."

Note: Our complete bibliography is broken into books, articles, and online resources.

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